e-papers, Women

If you need to speak, speak

''…There is a tendency – particularly for women – to believe that if they work hard and for long enough they will be sufficiently recognized and rewarded. Genna Gardini, a writer and educator, spent many years trying to make herself invisible in order to “quietly produce interesting work that surprises people”. However, upon reflection, she learned… Continue reading If you need to speak, speak



A history Made by the time To the people For the success; But the men made by the people For the people...

Sociology/Anthropology, Tribhuvan Wagle

The Khatwe: Surviving in Untouchability

The caste-based discrimination to Dalits is found not only from the so-called high caste and the indigenous people but these types of discriminations are also practiced within the Dalit groups. Though the constitution of Nepal, 2063, declares all types of exploitation- oppression including untouchability of the Dalits shall end, and special rights shall be ensured for the Dalits in all sectors. But in practical life Dalit community is suffering either intra Dalit caste based discrimination or the discrimination by so-called caste hierarchy.

Sociology/Anthropology, Tribhuvan Wagle

Is Kalar a separate caste or the surname of other castes?

Is Kalar a separate caste or the surname of other castes? There is a deep confusion in the context of identity to Kalar. Krishna Bhattachan and his group claim that Kalar and Sarvanga/Sarbariya are the same caste group. They also add Kalar is a derogatory (insulting) term. Therefore, they prefer to call themselves as Sarvanga/Sarbariya (Caste Based Discrimination in Nepal, Working Paper Series, vol III Nov.

Social Media, Sociology/Anthropology, Tribhuvan Wagle

Gaine: Traditional Media man

Etymologically the word Gaine/Gandharva (wa) is referred to those people who play musical instrument and sing for livelihood. But they are not only the folk song singer,but they were\are also good traditional communicator as modern journalists. In the case of Krishna, we can say he was a good communicator, by which his sister came back to family after hearing the song as she eloped away with a boy ...

Sociology/Anthropology, Tribhuvan Wagle

The Chamar at the bottom of Hindu caste system and even within the intra-caste hierarchy

GUEST POST by TRIBHUVAN C WAGLE© The term 'Chamar' is derived from the Snaskrit word 'Charma' and means leather. More or less social and cultural pattern of Chamar are like to other Hindu castes. They have their own formal institution which helps to solve the intra-Chamar social conflict. Mainjan and Jabar are known as the head of their institution.